2.11 Contact with the criminal justice system

This measure reports on the prevalence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in prison custody; other contact with the criminal justice system, including police custody and juvenile justice; and relationships with health and social factors.

Visualisation not available for printing

Why is it important?

This measure reports on the prevalence of Indigenous Australians in prison custody, and those who have other contact with the criminal justice system, including police custody and juvenile justice. It also reports on relationships with health and social factors. Indigenous Australians experience higher rates of arrest and incarceration than non‑Indigenous Australians. Imprisonment also affects family, children and the broader community. It increases stress, affects relationships and has adverse employment and financial consequences (AHMAC 2017).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
  • National Deaths in Custody Program
  • National Prisoner Census

References

  • Day A, Francisco A, & Jones R 2013. Programs to improve interpersonal safety in Indigenous communities: evidence and issues. Issues paper no. 4. Produced for the Closing the Gap Clearinghouse. Canberra: AIHW and Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.