2.19 Dietary behaviour

This measure reports on the dietary behaviour of Indigenous Australians, including fruit and vegetable consumption, salt intake and food shortages.

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Why is it important?

This measure reports on dietary behaviour, including fruit and vegetable consumption. Many of the principal causes of ill‑health among Indigenous Australians are nutrition‑related diseases, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes and renal disease. While a diet high in saturated fats and refined carbohydrates increases the likelihood of developing these diseases, regular exercise and intake of fibre‑rich foods, such as fruit and vegetables, can have a protective effect against disease (Wang et al. 2014b).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • Australian Health Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey

References

  • Wang X, Ouyang Y, Liu J, Zhu M, Zhao G, Bao W et al. 2014b. Fruit and vegetable consumption and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: systematic review and dose‑response meta‑analysis of prospective cohort studies. BMJ 349:g4490.