This report describes injury mortality in Australia during 2003-04. It includes information about the major causes of injury such as transport-related deaths, suicide and accidental falls. The data provided in relation to each cause include age and sex, state and territory differences, remoteness of residence, trends over time, and other associated factors. It also contains a brief overview of injury mortality associated with complications of surgical and medical care. The report will be relevant to anyone interested in gaining an insight into patterns of injury mortality and the burden it imposes on the Australian community.