Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Health service use for patients with traumatic brain injury, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 31 January 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Health service use for patients with traumatic brain injury. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/injury/treatment-pathways-brain-injury
Health service use for patients with traumatic brain injury. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 09 December 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/injury/treatment-pathways-brain-injury
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Health service use for patients with traumatic brain injury [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2023 Jan. 31]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/injury/treatment-pathways-brain-injury
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Health service use for patients with traumatic brain injury, viewed 31 January 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/injury/treatment-pathways-brain-injury
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This section presents information relating to the initial TBI admission on the:
The major cause of injury is recorded in the NIHSI AA using an external cause of injury code from the ICD-10-AM. The two most common causes of initial TBI hospitalisation in the cohort were falls (over 9,000 cases; 39%) and transport crashes (over 7,300 cases; 31%), followed by assault (almost 2,900 cases; 12%) (Figure 6; Table S3).
Source: AIHW NIHSI AA v0.5.
TBIs caused by falls were most common in the 0–14 age group, followed by the 55–64 age group (Figure 7; Table S4). TBIs caused by transport, assault, and contact with living things were most common in the 15–24 age group.
Almost one-fifth (19%; 4,500) of the cohort reported that they were engaged in sport when the TBI occurred and 6.9% (over 1,600) were doing paid or unpaid work. Among people playing sport, almost 1,800 were playing a type of football (Figure 8; Table S3) (see also Table S4).
Note: Excludes 21 records where external cause was Not reported.
Looking more closely at the type of sports being undertaken when the TBI occurred, football (all codes combined, including Australian Rules, rugby, rugby league and soccer) was the most common sporting activity, followed by motor sports and equestrian sports (Figure 9; Table S3) (see also Table S4). The ‘Other sports’ category comprises TBIs sustained while engaged in a range of other sports (for example, ice and snow sports, as well as an unspecified sporting or exercise activity) (See Technical notes).
Note: ‘Other sports’ includes other specified non-team sports and unspecified sport and exercise activity. See Technical notes for further details.
Over one-fifth (22%; 5,100) of the cohort reported that the place where the TBI occurred was a street or highway and 17% (4,000) were at home and 12% (2,700) were in a sporting setting (Figure 10; Table S4).
Note: There were also 7,648 patients whose injury occurred at another specified or unspecified place.
Source: AIHW NIHSI AA v0.5.
Looking at the top six places of occurrence only, Figure 11 shows TBIs that occurred in the home were most common in the 55–64 age group, followed by the 0–14 age group (see also Table S4). TBIs that occurred on roads and sporting settings were most common among 15–25 year olds. The number of TBIs that occurred in health service settings (such as hospitals, outpatient clinics and health centres) steadily increased with age.
Note: 17 patients aged 25–44 or 55–64 whose injury occurred in an educational setting not shown due to confidentiality concerns relating to small values.
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