Life expectancy, mortality and causes of death

The interactive visualisations on this page allow you to compare data across 36 OECD member countries for the following indicators:

  • life expectancy
  • infant mortality
  • neonatal mortality
  • perinatal mortality
  • maternal mortality
  • causes of death.

Key findings

In 2017 (or based on the latest year of data):

  • Australia’s life expectancy at birth was 82.5 years—above the OECD average of 80.6 years, and 6th highest among OECD countries. The highest life expectancy was in Japan, where people could expect to live 84.1 years at birth
  • Australia experienced the 5th lowest rate of infant mortality (with no minimum threshold of gestation period or birthweight) among OECD countries, at 3.1 deaths per 1,000 live births. Turkey experienced the highest rate of infant mortality (10 deaths per 1,000 live births)
  • the rate of maternal mortality in Mexico was almost 10 times that in Australia, at 36.7 compared with 3.9 deaths per 100,000 live births (OECD average 7.0 deaths per 100,000 live births)
  • the most common disease group for causes of death among Australians was neoplasms (cancer) (195 deaths per 100,000 population (standardised)), followed by diseases of the circulatory system at 186 deaths per 100,000 population (standardised). These were also the most common causes of death across all other OECD countries.