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Premature mortality refers to deaths that occur at a younger age than a selected cut-off. For this report it is deaths that occur in people aged younger than 75.
In 2012, there were 49,692 premature deaths in Australia
1 in 5 deaths among adults aged 25–44 were due to suicide
4 in 5 Indigenous deaths (2008–2012) occurred among people under 75
Over 1 in 3 deaths (34%) occurred among people younger than 75
Among adults aged 45–64, there were 19,731 deaths in 2012 (or 349 deaths per 100,000 population aged 45–64). Since 1997, there was a 26% decrease in the death rate (from 471 deaths per 100,000 to 349 deaths per 100,000 in 2012).
There was a substantial decline in the mortality rate for coronary heart disease in particular (Figure 8.1).
Fewer than half (48%) of deaths in this age group were considered potentially avoidable.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database. (Table S1, 524KB XLS).
Chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer were the leading causes of death in this age group (Table 8.1).
Suicide was the 5th leading cause of death.
Among men aged 45–64, the leading causes of death were coronary heart disease (15%), lung cancer (8.9%) and suicide (5%).
Among women aged 45–64, the leading causes of death were breast cancer (13%), lung cancer (11%) and coronary heart disease (5.7%).
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S2, 524KB XLS).
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