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Premature mortality refers to deaths that occur at a younger age than a selected cut-off. For this report it is deaths that occur in people aged younger than 75.
Over 1 in 3 deaths (34%) occurred among people younger than 75
1 in 2 premature deaths were considered potentially avoidable
4 in 5 Indigenous deaths (2008–2012) occurred among people under 75
62% of premature deaths were men
There were 1,031 infant deaths in Australia in 2012 and just over half (55%) were among males. The rate of infant deaths in 2012 was 338 deaths per 100,000 population aged less than 1 (or about 1 death for every 296 infants). The rate of infant deaths decreased by more than one-third (36%) since 1997; from a rate of 529 deaths per 100,000 (Figure 4.1).
55% of infant deaths in 2012 were considered potentially avoidable, for example those due to complications in the perinatal period.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S1, 524KB XLS).
Three-quarters (75%) of infant deaths in 2010–2012 were due to certain conditions originating in the perinatal period and congenital conditions (Table 4.1). These include, for example, conditions related to short gestation and low birth weight, birth trauma and viral diseases acquired in utero.
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was the second most common cause of death among infants, accounting for 6.7% of deaths in 2010–2012. Infant deaths due to SIDS have more than halved since 1997–1999, from 58 deaths per 100,000 to 25 deaths per 100,000 in 2010–2012.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S2, 524KB XLS).
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