Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) The health of Australia’s males, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 04 February 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). The health of Australia’s males. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
The health of Australia’s males. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 10 December 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The health of Australia’s males [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2023 Feb. 4]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, The health of Australia’s males, viewed 4 February 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
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Burden of disease quantifies the health impact of disease on a population in a given year—both from dying early and from living with disease and injury. The summary measure ‘disability-adjusted life years’ (or DALY) measures the years of healthy life lost from death and illness.
In 2015, males experienced a greater share of the total disease burden (53%) than females (47%). A larger proportion of the total disease burden for males was from dying prematurely. For females, the greatest proportion was from living with disease (AIHW 2019a).
The distribution of overall burden between the sexes varied by disease group. Males experienced almost three-quarters (69%) of the total burden from injuries and a greater proportion from cardiovascular diseases (59%). Nearly half (46%) of the total burden of disease in males is from cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and mental and substance use disorders.
After cancer, the ranking of disease groups contributing to total burden of disease differed for males and females. For males, cardiovascular diseases ranked second, followed by musculoskeletal conditions and mental and substance use disorders (AIHW 2019a).
After coronary heart disease, the specific diseases responsible for the most total burden among males and females differed. Among males, suicide and self-inflicted injuries ranked second, followed by back pain and problems, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer (Table 1).
For more information see Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015.
Per cent of total
Coronary heart disease
Back pain and problems
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Type 2 diabetes
(a) DALY = Disability Adjusted Life-Year.
Chart: AIHW. Source: AIHW 2019a.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2008. National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. ABS cat. no. 4326.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018a. National Health Survey: First results 2017–18. ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2018b. Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2015–2017. ABS cat. no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2019. Microdata: National Health Survey, 2017-18, detailed microdata, DataLab. ABS cat no. 4324.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Findings based on AIHW analysis of ABS microdata.
Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council 2017. National Strategic Framework for Chronic Conditions. Canberra: Australian Government.
AIHW 2018 Cancer Data in Australia. Canberra: AIHW. <https://www.aihw.gov./reports/cancer/cancer-data-in-Australia/>.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2019a. Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease series no.19. Cat. no. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019b. Deaths in Australia. Cat. no. PHE 229. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019c. Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books. Cat. no. PHE 229. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019d. Mental health services in Australia: in brief 2019. Cat.no. HSE 228. Canberra: AIHW.
Kirby Institute 2018. HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual Surveillance report 2018. Sydney: Kirby Institute.
Lawrence D, Johnson S, Hafekost J, Boterhoven De Haan K, Sawyer M, Ainley J, Zubrick SR (2015) The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Department of Health, Canberra
Morgan VA, Waterreus A, Jablensky A, Mackinnon A, McGrath JJ, Carr V et. al 2011. People living with psychotic illness 2010. Report on the second Australian national survey. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing: Canberra.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) 2019. Life expectancy at birth (indicator). doi: 10.1787/27e0fc9d-en. Viewed 4 September 2019.
Schlichthorst M, Sanci LA and Hocking JS 2016. Health and lifestyle factors associated with sexual difficulties in men – results from a study of Australian men aged 18 to 55 years. BMC Public Health, 16:3, 1043.
WHO 2019a. Sexual and reproductive health: defining sexual health. Geneva: WHO. Viewed 11 July 2019.
WHO 2019b. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Key facts. Geneva: WHO. Viewed 25 March 2019
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