Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) The health of Australia’s males, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 01 July 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). The health of Australia’s males. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
The health of Australia’s males. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 10 December 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The health of Australia’s males [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2022 Jul. 1]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, The health of Australia’s males, viewed 1 July 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/men-women/male-health
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The foods and drinks we consume (our diet) play an important role in our overall health and wellbeing. A balanced diet, including sufficient fruit and vegetables, reduces a person’s risk of developing conditions such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. The 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend, for males, consuming a minimum of 2 serves of fruit and 5 to 6 serves vegetables each day, depending on age, to ensure good nutrition and health.
Australian men are meeting fruit and vegetable intake guidelines
According to 2017–18 data (ABS 2019a):
Chart: AIHW. Source: ABS 2019a (see Table S2 for footnotes).
The proportion of men meeting both fruit and vegetable intake guidelines varied by age group. For example, men aged 75–84 were 9 times as likely to meet both guidelines as men aged 25–34 (10% and 1.1%, respectively) (Figure 4).
Whether men ate enough fruit and vegetables varied for some population groups. After adjusting for age (ABS 2019a):
Discretionary foods like sugar sweetened and diet drinks are not an essential part of a healthy diet and a limited intake of these is recommended in the Australian Dietary Guidelines. Having too much of these drinks too often may lead to adverse health outcomes.
According to 2017–18 data (ABS 2019a):
Chart: AIHW. Source: ABS 2019a (see Table S3 for footnotes)
The proportion of men who consumed sugar sweetened or diet drinks daily varied by age group. For example, men aged 18–24 were almost 3 times as likely as men aged 65–74 to consume sugar sweetened drinks daily (17% and 5.8%, respectively).
Consumption also varied for some population groups. After adjusting for age (ABS 2019a):
Note: Sugar sweetened drinks includes soft drink, cordials, sports drinks or caffeinated energy drinks and may include soft drinks in ready to drink alcoholic beverages. Fruit juice, flavoured milk, ‘sugar free’ drinks or coffee/hot tea are excluded.
Chart: AIHW. Source: ABS 2019a (see Table S3 for footnotes).
For more information on diet as risk factor for poor health, see Poor diet.
Dietary supplements are products defined as Complementary Medicines under the Therapeutic Goods Regulations 1990. They include products containing ingredients that are nutrients, such as multivitamin or fish oil products (ABS 2019b).
Based on 2017–18 data from the ABS NHS, around 1 in 3 (32%) men aged 18 and over were estimated to have taken dietary supplements in the last 2 weeks. Supplement use was more common in older age groups. Around 2 in 5 (41%) men aged 65–74 used supplements compared with 1 in 4 men aged 18–24 (25%).
Dietary supplement use varied for some population groups. After adjusting for age (ABS 2019a):
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2013. National Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2012–13: First results. Cat. 4727.0.55.001
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ABS 2019a. Microdata: National Health Survey, 2017–18, detailed microdata, DataLab. ABS cat no. 4324.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Findings based on AIHW analysis of ABS microdata.
ABS 2019b. National Health Survey: Users’ Guide, 2017–18. ABS cat.no. 4363.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2019c. National Health Survey, 2017–18. Customised report. Canberra: ABS.
AIHW 2017a. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2017: supplementary online tables. Cat. no. WEB 170. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2017b. National Drug Strategy and Household Survey 2016: Key findings online data tables. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW 2019a. Procedures and healthcare interventions (ACHI 10th edition), Australia, 2017–18. Cat. no. WEB 216. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed July 18 2019, <https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/hospitals/procedures-data-cubes/contents/data-cubes>
AIHW 2019b. Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Burden of Disease series no.19. Cat. no. BOD 22. Canberra: AIHW.
Department of Health 2019. Australia’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines and the Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines. Canberra: Department of Health.
Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM & Dietz WH 2000. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320:1240–3.
NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council) 2013. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents and children in Australia. Canberra: NHMRC.
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Safe Work Australia 2018a. Work-related Traumatic Injury Fatalities, Australia 2017. Safe Work Australia: Canberra.
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WHO (World Health Organization) 2011. Waist circumference and waist-hip ration: report of a WHO expert consultation. Geneva, 8–11 December 2008.
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