Key concepts

Personal Helpers and Mentors
Key concept Description
Functional limitation Functional limitations are areas of personal functioning where the participant requires support, as identified by the PHaMs Eligibility Screening Tool.

Functional limitation categories:

  • Learning, applying knowledge and general demands
  • Social and community activities
  • Interpersonal relationships
  • Working and employment
  • Education
  • Communication
  • Domestic activities
  • Self care
  • Transportation and mobility.
Special needs group

PHaMs identifies groups of people that face additional disadvantages in their recovery as special needs groups.

Special needs groups:

  • Alcohol and/or drug misuse
  • Culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds
  • People aged 16 to 24
  • Indigenous Australians (including Stolen Generation)
  • Homeless and at-risk of homelessness
  • Institutionalised for 3 months or more in the last 2 years
  • Institutionalised or in long term care as a child
  • Formerly incarcerated
  • Humanitarian entrant.