Client characteristics

Non-residential service use

Victoria had the highest rate of non-residential disability support service users with a psychiatric disability (495.6 users per 100,000 population) and the Northern Territory had the lowest (129.9) in 2015–16. Nationally, there were 400.3 service users per 100,000 population, or 1 in 250 Australians (Figure DIS.4).

Figure DIS.4: Non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability, states and territories, 2015–16

Vertical bar chart showing the rate of non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability for all jurisdictions in 2015–16. Service users per 100,000 population were: NSW (390.2), Vic (495.6), Qld (432.3), WA (198.2), SA (481.0), Tas (384.0), ACT (179.1), NT (129.9). Nationally, the rate of service users with a psychiatric disability per 100,000 population was 400.3. Refer to Table DIS.1.

Source: AIHW analysis of data from the Disability Services NMDS.
Source data: Psychiatric disability support services Table DIS.1 (571KB XLS). 

Of the support service groups, employment services had the highest rate of service users for all jurisdictions in 2015–16, ranging from 397.8 per 100,000 population in South Australia to 89.7 per 100,000 population in the Northern Territory. Respite services had the lowest service user rate nationally and in most jurisdictions, ranging from 40.4 per 100,000 population in Victoria to 1.9 per 100,000 population in Tasmania. Victoria had the highest rate of service users for community support and respite services while South Australia had the highest rate for accommodation support, community access and employment services.

Demographics

There were more male (53.6%) than female (46.4%) users with a psychiatric disability of non-residential disability support services in 2015–16. About two-thirds (64.2%) were aged 25–54 and 4 in 5 (80.9%) were born in Australia.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people accounted for 5.4% of non-residential service users with a psychiatric disability, but used non-residential disability support services at more than twice the rate of non-Indigenous Australians (786.0, or about 1 in 130 Indigenous Australians, compared with 388.0 per 100,000, or about 1 in 260 non-Indigenous Australians).

The vast majority (89.9%) of non-residential disability support service users with a psychiatric disability lived in a Major city or Inner regional area and 4 in 5 (80.1%) lived in private residences. The highest proportion of service users lived alone (42.3%), about a third (34.5%) lived with others, and about a quarter (23.2%) lived with family. The most common source of income was a pension or benefit (other than the disability support pension) (49.0%), with only 8.0% of users reporting paid employment as their main income source.

Residential service use

South Australia had the highest rate of residential disability support service users (32.4 users per 100,000 population) in 2015–16. The lowest rate of residential service users was in the Northern Territory (4.5 per 100,000 population) and the national rate was 15.0 service users per 100,000 population (Figure DIS.5). Nationally, group homes were the most commonly reported residential service type (12.4 service users per 100,000 population). Group homes were the only residential service type reported by people with a psychiatric disability in the Northern Territory.

Figure DIS.5: Residential service users with a psychiatric disability, states and territories, 2015–16

Vertical bar chart showing the rate of residential service users with a psychiatric disability for all jurisdictions in 2015–16. Residential service with a psychiatric disability per 100,000 population were: NSW (19.7), Vic (9.0), Qld (11.9), WA (10.1), SA (32.4), Tas (26.1), ACT (not available), NT (4.5). Nationally, the rate of residential service users with a psychiatric disability per 100,000 population was 15.0. Refer to Table DIS.1.

Source: AIHW analysis of data from the Disability Services NMDS.
Source data: Psychiatric disability support services Table DIS.8 (571KB XLS).

Demographics

There were more male (58.9%) residential service users with a psychiatric disability than female (41.1%), with the majority of service users aged 35–64 (70.6%) in 2015–16.

Indigenous Australians (4.7%) made up a small proportion of residential service users with a psychiatric disability but accessed residential services at more than twice the rate of non-Indigenous Australians (29.5 and 14.2 per 100,000 population respectively).

Residential service users with a psychiatric disability were most commonly living with others (90.7%), in a domestic-scale supported living facility (52.8%), and receiving a disability support pension (95.6%) as their main source of income.