Resuscitation is undertaken to establish independent breathing and heartbeat or to treat depressed respiratory effect and to correct metabolic disturbances. Resuscitation methods range from less advanced methods like suction or oxygen therapy to more advanced methods, such as external cardiac massage and ventilation. If more than 1 type of resuscitation is performed, the most advanced type is recorded. Data are for liveborn babies only, and exclude Western Australia.

About 1 in 5 liveborn babies require active resuscitation immediately after birth. Where resuscitation was required, suction or oxygen therapy were the most common methods used, followed by intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV).

Liveborn babies with a normal birthweight and babies born at term were less likely to require resuscitation (compared with low birthweight and high birthweight babies, and pre-term and post-term babies, respectively). Singleton babies were also less likely to require resuscitation than babies born as part of a multiple birth.

Babies who required resuscitation were also more likely to have an Apgar score between 4 and 6—indicating that they have not adapted well post-birth—and be admitted to the special care nursery or neonatal intensive care unit.