Key demographics

In Australia, the number of mothers and babies has increased over time. However, the rate of women giving birth has decreased from 65 per 1,000 women in 2008 to 58 per 1,000 women in 2018.

Birth rates also decreased over time for states and territories. Overall, the greatest decreases were for Queensland (from 68 per 1,000 women in 2008 to 59 per 1,000 women in 2018), followed by the Northern Territory (75 to 66) and New South Wales (66 to 58). The smallest decreases were for the Australian Capital Territory (68 to 62) and Western Australia (67 to 62).

Many of the characteristics of mothers and babies in Australia are similar from year to year.

However, there are some interesting recent trends, including the rising average age of mothers and rate of caesarean section births, and the falling rate of mothers who smoke during pregnancy. These, and some key trends for babies, can be explored in the graph below.

Hover over the line graph below to see the results for a specific year.

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