Teenage mothers

Teenage mothers are those who gave birth when they were aged under 20. This section looks at the onset of labour and method of birth, smoking status, and timing and number of antenatal care visits for teenage mothers.

The number of teenage mothers in Australia has fallen steadily over time.

Many teenage mothers access antenatal care in the first trimester (2 in 3) and have more than 5 antenatal visits (9 in 10). In particular, the rate of antenatal visits in the first trimester has been rising over time. 

Although teenage mothers are more likely to have spontaneous onset of labour, this rate has fallen slightly over time with a corresponding increase in induced labour onset. Because spontaneous and induced labour are most commonly associated with vaginal delivery, this means that the rate of vaginal births and caesarean sections has remained largely stable.

Teenage mothers have high smoking rates, with 1 in 3 smoking during pregnancy, however this rate is falling over time.