Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) National Core Maternity Indicators, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 27 June 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). National Core Maternity Indicators. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/national-core-maternity-indicators
National Core Maternity Indicators. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 18 November 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/national-core-maternity-indicators
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. National Core Maternity Indicators [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 Jun. 27]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/national-core-maternity-indicators
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, National Core Maternity Indicators, viewed 27 June 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mothers-babies/national-core-maternity-indicators
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Note: For reporting purposes, the terms 'females' and 'women' are used interchangeably.
Indicator Set: National Core Maternity Indicators, 2021
PI 01–Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all females giving birth
PI 02–Antenatal care visits in the first trimester for all females giving birth
Labour and birth Indicators
PI 05–Induction of labour for selected females giving birth for the first time
PI 06–Caesarean section for selected females giving birth for the first time
PI 07–Non-instrumental vaginal birth for selected females giving birth for the first time
PI 08–Instrumental vaginal birth for selected females giving birth for the first time
PI 03–Episiotomy for females giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally
PI 09–General anaesthetic for females giving birth by caesarean section
PI 15–Females having their second birth vaginally whose first birth was by caesarean section
Birth outcome indicators
PI 04–Apgar score of less than 7 at 5 minutes for births at or after term
PI 10–Small babies among births at or after 40 weeks gestation
PI 13–Third and fourth degree tears for vaginal births
Data for all National Core Maternity Indicators (NCMI) are presented by three geographic boundaries:
and at the national level by:
Some indicators are disaggregated by other data groupings where relevant.
Notes for each sub-population analysis are as follows:
Births in 'Other territories' are included within their closest state.
Between 2012 and 2016, SA3 derived from Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2) of the ABS 2011 Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) (or Statistical Local Area for jurisdictions for which SA2 was not available). From 2017, SA3 derived from SA2 of the ABS 2016 ASGS. For 2015, data from the ACT were based on the postcode of usual residence.
Results for SA3 of mother's usual residence reported using a 3 year aggregate, 2017–2019. The 2017-2019 SA3 calculation has been reported to the ABS 2016 ASGS.
Age-standardised percentages enable comparisons to be made between populations that have different age structures. Direct standardisation, in which the age-specific rates are multiplied by a constant population, was used in this report. This effectively removes the influence of the age structure on the summary rate. The report states where age-standardised rates have been used.
All age-standardised rates in this report have used the June 2001 Australian female estimated resident population aged 15–44 years as the standard population.
For more information on methods used to report NPDC data refer to: Australia's mothers and babies - Methods.
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