Table of contents

  • Introduction
  • Antenatal period indicators
    • Tobacco smoking in pregnancy
    • Antenatal care in the first trimester
  • Labour and birth indicators
    • Birth method - selected women
    • Induction of labour for selected women giving birth for the first time
    • Women having their second birth vaginally whose first birth was by caesarean section
    • General anaesthetic for women giving birth by caesarean section
    • Episiotomy
  • Birth outcome indicators
    • Third and fourth degree tears
    • Apgar score of less than 7 at 5 minutes for births at or after term
    • Small babies among births at or after 40 weeks gestation
  • Data source and methods
  • More information
  • Acknowledgments
  • References