Diverse groups of older Australians

Most older Australians are living longer and in better health than ever before. Some groups, however, continue to face disadvantage that affects both their mental and physical health and their opportunities for social and economic engagement within their communities. For example, the Aged Care Act 1997 defines some populations as ‘people with special needs’—people with particular care needs that should be taken into consideration. Currently, there is no systematic capacity to identify and report on the wellbeing of people from most of these population groups. This section provides a brief overview of some of these, including people:

  • from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities
  • from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds
  • who are veterans of the Australian Defence Force or an allied defence force (or the spouse, widow or widower of a veteran)
  • who live in rural or remote areas 
  • who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless
  • who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex (LGBTI).

Almost 2 in 10

older Australians report speaking a language other than English


older Australians receive a Departments of Veterans' Affairs pension

1 in 6

of all homeless people on Census night were aged 55 or over