Featured reports

Older Australia at a glance 

Older people make up a considerable proportion of Australia’s population—in 2016, over 1 in 7 people were aged 65 and over. This report provides an overview of this diverse and growing population group through a range of topics. These outline older people’s demographic characteristics, health status, and service use.

Pathways to permanent residential aged care in Australia: a Pathways in Aged Care (PiAC) analysis of people's aged care program use before first entry to permanent residential aged care in 2013–14 

Some 61,300 people first entered permanent residential aged care (PRAC) in 2013–14. While they used over 1,000 different combinations of other aged care in the preceding years, the most common pathway (used by 1 in 4 people) was through Home and Community Care (HACC). Many pathways showed a similar pattern of moving ‘up’ to progressively higher levels of support. 

Use of medicines by older people with type 2 diabetes 

This report describes dispensing patterns of glucose lowering medicines and medicines for other conditions associated with diabetes in a concessional population cohort of Australians aged 65 and over diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. It uses linked data from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme to explore medicine supply patterns in 2012 by age and time since diabetes diagnosis. It shows that, in general, the longer the time since diagnosis, the more likely it is that an individual would be supplied with all medicine types and the more intense their glucose lowering treatment regimens would be. This report highlights the complexity of pharmacological management in older people with type 2 diabetes and the diversity of medicine supply patterns in relation to age and time since diabetes diagnosis.

Hospitalised injuries in older Australians: 2011-12 

This report focuses on the most frequent causes of hospitalisations due to injury sustained by Australians, aged 65 years or older, during the period 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012. Whilst the vast majority of hospitalisations were due to falls, the report focuses on other injuries (such as unintentional poisoning by medications) and it may be useful for guiding and improving policy aimed at reducing those other injuries and for targeting investment in injury prevention strategies.

Trends in hospitalisations due to falls by older people, Australia 1999-00 to 2010-11 

This report focuses on trends in fall-related hospital care for people aged 65 and older from 1999-00 to 2010-11. While age-standardised rates of fall injury cases increased over the 12 years to June 2011, the rate of hip fractures due to falls decreased. The patient days for hospital care directly attributable to fall-related injury doubled over the study period.

The desire to age in place among older Australians 

Many older Australians report a desire to age in place. This bulletin explores the relationship between this desire and the housing circumstances of older Australians of different tenure types; that is, those who own their home outright, those paying a mortgage and those who rent their home either privately or through social housing.

Hospitalisations due to falls by older people, Australia: 2009-10 

This report is the sixth in a series on hospitalisations due to falls by Australians aged 65 and over, and focuses on 2009-10. The estimated number of hospitalised injury cases due to falls in older people was 83,800 - more than 5,100 extra cases than in 2008-09 - and about 70% of these falls happened in either the home or an aged care facility. One in every 10 days spent in hospital by a person aged 65 and older in 2009-10 was directly attributable to an injurious fall (1.3 million patient days over the year), and the average total length of stay per fall injury case was estimated to be 15.5 days.

Incontinence in Australia: prevalence, experience and cost 

This bulletin reports on the 316,500 people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers. There were 144,400 people aged 10 and over living in households who always needed help or supervision with their bladder or bowel control. It also presents information on prevalence rates and how much was spent on incontinence (excluding residential aged care costs) in 2008–09.

Hospitalisations due to falls in older people, Australia 2006-07 

This report is the third in a series on hospitalisations due to falls by Australians aged 65 and older. It focuses on 2006-07 and also examines trends from 1999 to 2007. About 7 in every 10 hospitalised fall injuries occurred in the home or in residential institutions and most were sustained by older females. Age-standardised rates of hospitalised fall-related injury separations have increased over the 8 years to 2007, despite a decrease in the rate for femur fractures.

Hospitalisations due to falls in older people, Australia 2008-09 

This report is the fifth in a series on hospitalisations due to falls by Australians aged 65 and older and focuses on 2008-09. For the first time in this report series, the rate of hospitalised fall injuries involving older females exceeded 3,000 per 100,000 population. The incidence of injury has continued to increase substantially over the decade to June 2009, despite a sustained decrease in the rate of hip fractures due to falls. Of note, falls that resulted in head injuries and those described as an 'other fall on same level' increased significantly over the study period.

Housing assistance in Australia 2011 

Housing assistance in Australia 2011 is a compendium style publication which provides readers with information about housing assistance in each segment of the housing sector: government, not-for-profit and the private sector. Key issues including allocation and waiting lists for social housing, overcrowding, and affordability are examined as well as changes over recent years. Housing assistance provided to special needs groups such as Indigenous Australians, the young and old, and to those with a disability are also examined.

Hospitalisations due to falls by older people, Australia 2005-06 

This report is the second in a series of biennial reports on hospitalisations due to falls by older people in Australia. The report focuses on hospitalised falls occurring in the financial year 2005-06 and examines trends in fall-related hospitalisations over the period 1999-2006. The number of fall events resulting in hospitalisation due to injury for older Australians remains high and the rate of fall-related injury incidents is particularly high for the oldest group within this population. As in the previous report, older females accounted for most of the hospitalised fall injury cases and a third of cases had injuries to the hip and thigh. Half of all fall injury cases for people aged 65 years and older occurred in the home. Falls in residential institutions were also common. Age-standardised rates of hospitalised fall-related injury separations have increased over the seven year study period to June 2006, despite a decrease in the rate for femur fractures due to falls. The estimated total length of stay per fall injury case has also increased over the period 1999-2006, apparently influenced by increases in the number of bed-days used by episodes of fall-related follow-up care.

Obesity and workplace absenteeism among older Australians 

This bulletin examines the relationship, as far as Australia’s 2001 National Health Survey (NHS) allows, between obesity and absenteeism from work in almost 10,000 employed men and women who participated in that survey. It also assesses whether the results are consistent with the likelihood of having consulted a health professional and with self-assessed health status. The relationship between obesity and labour force status is also examined.

2002 Influenza Vaccine Survey: summary results 

This report was carried out as part of an evaluation of the National Influenza Vaccination Program for Older Australians. The program is a Commonwealth Government initiative designed to help reduce the impact of influenza. The survey itself involved 8000 participants across Australia, interviewed during October 2002, at the end of the winter flu season.People aged 40 years and over were asked whether they had been vaccinated against the flu, whether they had received the vaccine for free or had paid for it, and if they had any of the risk factors for flu infection or its complications.

Government health and welfare expenditure on older Australians 

Examines the level and patterns of government health and welfare expenditure on older Australians. It describes the main areas of expenditure, and argues that the controls put in place in each of these areas to contain costs have resulted in a manageable increase in government expenditure. Current until 1 December 1999.