Table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary
      • Who does incontinence affect?
      • How are people affected?
      • How much is spent on incontinence?
  • Body section
    • Section 1 Incontinence in Australia
    • 1 Introduction
      • Australian incontinence initiatives
      • Methods and data sources
    • 2 Definition and measurement of incontinence
      • Defining and classifying incontinence
      • Identifying incontinence in the SDAC
      • Types of incontinence
      • Measurement of severity
    • 3  Prevalence estimates and risk factors - a review of the literature
      • International prevalence estimates (people living in the community)
      • Australian prevalence estimates (people living in the community)
      • Prevalence estimates from residential aged care populations
      • Specific population groups
      • Associated risk factors
      • Effects on emotional wellbeing and quality of life
    • 4 Severe incontinence in Australia
      • Data source
      • Definitions
      • How many people does it affect?
      • Other incontinence-related issues
    • 5 Carers who help manage incontinence
      • Characteristics of carers
      • Effect of incontinence on the primary carer
    • 6  Expenditure
      • Estimated expenditure
      • Residential aged care
      • Hospital expenditure
      • Out-of-hospital medical services
      • Pharmaceuticals
      • Other health services
      • Stoma appliances
      • Continence aids
      • Burden of incontinence
    • Section 2 Developing Australian continence data standards
    • 7  Continence standards
      • Purpose
      • Background
      • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
      • Method
    • 8  Australian continence data collections
      • Population health and disability surveys
      • Administrative data collections
      • Health service data collections
    • 9  Mapping and comparability of continence data items
      • Main groupings in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
      • Data item comparability
      • Comparability with continence assessment tools
    • 10  Promoting  consistency in data collections
      • A menu of data items
      • Proposed data items
  • End matter
    • Appendix tables
    • Glossary
    • References