Table of contents

  • Preliminary material (315KB PDF)
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Summary 
      • Main findings
      • Next steps
  • Body section
    1. Introduction (350KB PDF)
      • Background
        • Increased focus on prevention
        • Importance of monitoring prevention
        • Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease
      • Framework for monitoring prevention
        • What is prevention?
        • The framework
        • Application to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease
      • This report
        • Main questions
        • Structure
    2. Risk factors (862KB PDF)
      • Background
        • Absolute risk
        • Multiple risk factors
        • Burden of disease
      • Overweight and obesity
        • How do we measure overweight and obesity?
        • How many Australians are overweight or obese?
      • Physical inactivity
        • What is physical activity?
        • How many Australians are physically inactive?
      • Poor diet
        • Dietary fat intake
        • Dietary fibre intake
      • Tobacco smoking
        • What is tobacco smoking?
        • How many Australians smoke?
      • Excessive alcohol consumption
        • What is excessive alcohol consumption?
        • How many Australians drink alcohol?
      • High blood pressure
        • How do we measure blood pressure?
        • How many Australians have high blood pressure?
      • High blood cholesterol
        • What is cholesterol?
        • How many Australians have high total blood cholesterol?
      • Impaired glucose regulation
        • How is impaired glucose regulation defined?
        • How many Australians have impaired glucose regulation?
      • Depression
        • What is depression?
        • How many Australians have depression?
      • Low birthweight
        • What is low birthweight?
        • How many babies are born with a low birthweight in Australia?
      • Absolute risk
    3. Population-level prevention initiatives and interventions (382KB PDF)
      • Background
        • Monitoring population-level initiatives
        • Scope and purpose of this chapter
      • Types of population-level initiatives
        • Laws and regulations
        • Tax and price interventions
        • Improving the built environment
        • Public awareness campaigns
        • Community-based interventions
      • Population-level interventions currently in place
        • Overweight and obesity, physical inactivity and poor nutrition
        • Tobacco
        • Alcohol
        • Depression
    4. Individual-level prevention services (581KB PDF)
      • Background
      • Health checks in primary care
        • Medicare Benefits Schedule health checks
      • Health advice and referrals
        • Health advice
        • Referrals by general practitioners
      • Medications in the community
        • Supply of prescription medicines in the community
        • Medicines prescribed by general practitioners
      • Surgery for obesity
    5. Discussion (214KB PDF)
      • Answering the questions
      • Information gaps
      • Issues raised by the framework and analysis
      • Conclusions
  • End matter (342KB PDF)
    • Appendix
      • Data sources
        • Risk factors
        • Individual-level services aimed at prevention
    • Abbreviations
      • States and territories
      • Symbols
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures