Table of contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Symbols
  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
    • What are opioids?
    • Opioid use
    • Opioid harm
    • Opioid use and harm internationally
    • What is the purpose of this report?
  • 2. Use of opioids
    • Medical use of opioids
    • Illicit and non-medical use of opioids
    • Wastewater consumption monitoring
  • 3. Opioid poisoning
    • ED and hospital care for opioid poisoning
    • Opioid deaths
  • 4. Opioid dependence
    • ED and hospital care for opioid dependence
    • Specialised treatment services for dependence
    • Opioid pharmacotherapy
  • 5. Other mental and behavioural harms due to use of opioids
    • ED and hospital care for other mental and behavioural disorders due to use of opioids
  • 6. Opioid harms in Australia and Canada
    • Why are we comparing Australia and Canada?
    • How comparable is the availability and use of opioids in Australia and Canada?
    • How comparable are ED and hospital admitted patient care data for Australia and Canada
  • 7. Discussion
    • Summary of findings
    • What can be learnt from the collaboration with Canada?
    • What is being done to reduce opioid harm in Australia?
    • What are the data gaps?
  • Appendix A: Data sources and methods
    • Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set
    • National Drug Strategy Household Survey
    • National Hospital Morbidity Database
    • National Mortality Database
    • National Non-admitted Patient Emergency Department Care Database (NNAPEDC)
    • National Opioid Pharmacotherapy Statistics Annual Data collection
    • National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program
    • Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data
    • Methods
  • Comparability of Australian and Canadian ED and hospital presentation data
  • Glossary
  • References
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • Related publications