Table of contents

  • Part I Overview
    • 1 Introduction
      • 1.1 Why is the health of people in prison important?
      • 1.2 How many people are in prison in Australia?
      • 1.3 How are health services delivered?
      • 1.4 What is the National Prisoner Health Data Collection?
      • 1.5 How is the information collected?
      • 1.6 How many prisons and people took part?
      • 1.7 What are the limitations of the data?
      • 1.8 Which ethical and privacy processes were followed?
    • 2 Socioeconomic factors
      • 2.1 Cultural background
      • 2.2 Family
      • 2.3 Education
      • 2.4 Employment and government support
      • 2.5 Detention history
      • 2.6 Homelessness
  • Part II Mental health and self-harm
    • 3 Mental health
      • 3.1 Mental health before and while in prison
      • 3.2 Mental health history
      • 3.3 Self-assessed mental health status
      • 3.4 Mental health changes
      • 3.5 Recent psychological distress
      • 3.6 Mental health medication
      • 3.7 Prison entrants referred to mental health services
    • 4 Self-harm
      • 4.1 Self-harm behaviours
      • 4.2 Identification of self-harm or suicide risk
  • Part III Physical health
    • 5 Communicable diseases
      • 5.1 Sexually transmissible infections
      • 5.2 Blood-borne viruses
    • 6 Chronic conditions
      • 6.1 Entrants with a chronic physical condition
      • 6.2 Asthma
      • 6.3 Arthritis
      • 6.4 Cardiovascular disease
      • 6.5 Diabetes
      • 6.6 Cancer
    • 7 Activity and health changes
      • 7.1 Self-assessed physical health
      • 7.2 Health changes
      • 7.3 Activity and weight changes
    • 8 Women in prison
      • 8.1 Pregnancies
      • 8.2 Cancer screenings
  • Part IV Disability
    • 9 Disability
      • 9.1 Prison entrants with disability
      • 9.2 Comparisons with the general community
  • Part V Risk behaviours
    • 10 Tobacco smoking
      • 10.1 Smoking status prior to prison
      • 10.2 Smoking in prison
      • 10.3 Quitting smoking
    • 11 Illicit drug use and needle-sharing
      • 11.1 Drug use prior to prison
      • 11.2 Injecting drug use
      • 11.3 Drug use in prison
      • 11.4 Needle-sharing
      • 11.5 Opioid substitution therapy (OST)
      • 11.6 Tattooing and body piercing
    • 12 Alcohol consumption
      • 12.1 Alcohol consumption before prison
      • 12.2 Alcohol treatment in prison
    • 13 Injuries, assaults, and risky sexual behaviours
      • 13.1 Head injury
      • 13.2 Accidents or injuries
      • 13.3 Physical and sexual assault
      • 13.4 At-risk sexual behaviours
  • Part VI Health services
    • 14 General health services
      • 14.1 Consulting health services in the community and in prison
      • 14.2 Barriers to use of health services
    • 15 Prison clinic
      • 15.1 Use of prison clinics
      • 15.2 Health conditions managed in clinic visits
      • 15.3 Services received during prison clinic visits
      • 15.4 Initiator of clinic visits
      • 15.5 Type of health professional seen
      • 15.6 Satisfaction with health service
    • 16 Prison clinic procedures
      • 16.1 Full-time-equivalent staffing
      • 16.2 Vaccination
      • 16.3 Health-care referrals
      • 16.4 Indigenous health services
    • 17 Medication
    • 18 Readiness for release
      • 18.1 Health-related discharge planning
      • 18.2 Continuing care
      • 18.3 Medicare card
      • 18.4 Preparedness for release
  • Part VII Deaths
    • 19 Deaths
      • 19.1 Deaths in custody
      • 19.2 Deaths following release from prison
  • Appendix: Indicators
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Glossary
  • References
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • Related publications