Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS): A national, government-funded scheme that subsidises the cost of a wide range of pharmaceutical drugs for all Australians. The Schedule of Pharmaceutical Benefits (schedule) lists all the medicinal products available under the PBS and explains the uses for which they can be subsidised.
Pharmaceutical Reform Arrangements: Bilateral arrangements that support the access to PBS medicines in the public hospital setting for non-admitted, day-admitted or patients being discharged from hospitals, are in place between the Commonwealth and all jurisdictions except New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.
prescription: The supply of a medicine to a patient by a pharmacist under the PBS or RPBS, including community pharmacy and hospital settings.
rate: One number (numerator) divided by another number (denominator). The numerator is commonly the number of events in a specified time. The denominator is the population ‘at risk’ of the event. Rates are generally multiplied by a number such as 100,000 to create whole numbers.
Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (RPBS): An Australian Government scheme that provides a range of pharmaceuticals and wound dressings at a concessional rate for the treatment of eligible veterans, war widows/widowers, and their dependants.