Heart, stroke and vascular diseases include a range of conditions that affect the heart or blood vessels. These conditions are commonly grouped under the broader term of cardiovascular disease, or CVD. The most common and serious types of CVD include coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure. CVD remains a major health problem in Australia, despite declining mortality and hospitalisation rates. An estimated 4.2 million people were living with CVD in 2014–15, and it generally has a greater impact on males, the elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas.
Australian adults (22%)—about 4.2 million people—had CVD in 2014–15, based on self-reported data
have CVD hospitalisation and death rates that are twice as high as non-Indigenous Australians
areas have CVD hospitalisation and death rates that are 30% higher rate than Major cities
of Australian deaths in 2014 had CVD as the underlying cause of death—45,000 deaths
hospitalisations were associated with CVD (principal and/or additional diagnosis) in 2014–15—11% of all hospitalisations in Australia
group has CVD hospitalisation and death rates that are 43% higher than the highest socioeconomic group
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