Child protection legislation by jurisdiction

Mandatory reporting requirements

Jurisdiction Legislation Legislation reference Links
Commonwealth Family Law Act 1975 s67Z and s67ZA https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2016C01106
NSW Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 s23 and s27 https://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/#/view/act/1998/157
Vic Children Youth and Families Act 2005 s182 and s184 http://www.legislation.vic.gov.au/Domino/Web_Notes/
LDMS/PubStatbook.nsf/f932b66241ecf1b7ca256e92000e23be/
15A4CD9FB84C7196CA2570D00022769A/$FILE/05-096a.pdf
Child Wellbeing and Safety Act 2005 s33–s39 http://www.legislation.vic.gov.au/Domino/Web_Notes/LDMS/
LTObject_Store/LTObjSt10.nsf/
DDE300B846EED9C7CA257616000A3571/
AEC2C69107CDD517CA25814D007E870B/$FILE/05-83aa021%20authorised.pdf
Qld Child Protection Act 1999 s13E–s13J https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/view/html/
inforce/current/act-1999-010
WA Children and Community Services Act 2004 s124B124B https://www.slp.wa.gov.au/legislation/statutes.nsf/
main_mrtitle_132_homepage.html
Family Court Act 1997 s159 and s160 https://www.slp.wa.gov.au/legislation/statutes.nsf/
main_mrtitle_321_homepage.html
Education and Care Services National Law Act 2012 s174 (b)(i) https://www.slp.wa.gov.au/legislation/statutes.nsf/
main_mrtitle_12929_homepage.html
SA Children’s Protection Act 1993 s11(1) and (2) https://www.legislation.sa.gov.au/lz/c/a/
childrens%20protection%20act%201993.aspx
Tas Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1997 s14 https://www.legislation.tas.gov.au/view/html/
inforce/current/act-1997-028
ACT Children and Young People Act 2008 s356(2) http://www.legislation.act.gov.au/a/2008-19/
NT Care and Protection of Children Act 2007 s15, s16 and s26 https://legislation.nt.gov.au/Legislation/
CARE-AND-PROTECTION-OF-CHILDREN-ACT

Legislative definition of 'in need of care and protection'

For a child to be placed under an order, a court needs to determine whether the child is in need of care and/or protection. Each state and territory has legislation defining ‘in need of care and protection’.

Jurisdiction Legislation Legislation reference Link
NSW Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 s71 https://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/#/view/act/1998/157
Vic Children Youth and Families Act 2005 s162 http://www.legislation.vic.gov.au/Domino/Web_Notes/
LDMS/PubStatbook.nsf/f932b66241ecf1b7ca256e92000e23be/
15A4CD9FB84C7196CA2570D00022769A/$FILE/05-096a.pdf
Qld Child Protection Act 1999 s8–s11 https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/view/html/
inforce/current/act-1999-010
WA Children and Community Services Act 2004 s28 https://www.slp.wa.gov.au/legislation/statutes.nsf/
main_mrtitle_132_homepage.html
SA Children’s Protection Act 1993 s6(2) and s37 httpos://www.legislation.sa.gov.au/lz/c/a/
childrens%20protection%20act%201993.aspx
Tas Children, Young Persons and Their Families Act 1997 s3, s4 s14 https://www.legislation.tas.gov.au/view/html/inforce/
current/act-1997-028
Family Violence Act 2004 s4 https://www.legislation.tas.gov.au/view/html/inforce/
2017-11-25/act-2004-067
ACT Children and Young People Act 2008 s342 and s345 http://www.legislation.act.gov.au/a/2008-19/
NT Care and Protection of Children Act 2007 s15 and s20 https://legislation.nt.gov.au/Legislation/
CARE-AND-PROTECTION-OF-CHILDREN-ACT