Table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title page and verso
    • Contents
    • List of tables
    • List of figures
    • List of boxes
    • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary of findings
      • Success stories
      • Areas of concern
      • General findings
  • Sections
    1. Introduction
      • Mortality over the twentieth century
      • Why take a century-long view?
      • Mortality data and their uses
      • How mortality data are collected and compiled
      • How this report presents the data
      • The challenge of changing classification
      • The world wars and mortality statistics
      • Indigenous mortality
      • Other mortality information
    2. Life expectancy
      • Life expectancy at specific ages
      • The changing rate of change
      • Sex differences
      • Population age distribution
    3. All-cause mortality
      • Trends in all-cause mortality
      • Contribution to total deaths by age group
    4. Broad causes of mortality 
      • The changing contribution to overall mortality
      • Trends and patterns of broad causes of mortality
    5. Specific causes of mortality 
      • Introduction
      • Contribution of specific causes to total deaths
      • Trends in major specific causes across the century
      • Diarrhoea, for ages 0-4 years
      • Septicaemia
      • Tuberculosis
      • Lung cancer, from 1945
      • Colorectal cancer, from 1922
      • Female breast cancer
      • Prostate cancer, from 1922
      • Stomach cancer, from 1922
      • Cancers of the cervix and uterus, from 1920 
      • Cerebrovascular disease
      • Ischaemic heart disease, from 1950
      • Senility
      • Conditions originating in the perinatal period and congenital conditions, for ages 0-4 years
      • Motor vehicle accident deaths, from 1924
      • Suicide, for ages 15 years or over
      • SIDS, for age under 1 year
      • HIV/AIDS
      • Meningococcal infection
      • Viral hepatitis
      • Diabetes
    6. Trends within age groups: total mortality and main causes 
      • Infancy and early childhood, 0-4 years
      • Childhood, 5-14 years
      • Young adults, 15-24 years
      • Parent age, 25-44 years
      • Middle age, 45-64 years
      • Retirement age, 65-84 years
      • Old age, 85 years or over
  • End matter
    • Appendixes 
    • Appendix A: Collection and classification of mortality data
      • A.1 Deaths data
      • A.2 Collection of mortality data
      • A.3 Classification of diseases
      • A.4 The International Classification of Diseases
      • A.5 ICD item mapping and comparability
      • A.6 ICD codes used for broad and specific conditions
    • Appendix B: Tables 
    • Appendix C: The Standard Medical Certificate of Cause of Death
    • Glossary
    • References