Table of contents

  • Summary
  • 1 Introduction
    • How does child protection work in Australia?
    • What data are used in this report?
    • How is this report structured?
  • 2 Children receiving child protection services
    • What services are provided by the child protection system?
    • What services did children receive?
    • What were the characteristics of children receiving child protection services?
    • Has the provision of child protection services changed over time?
  • 3 Notifications, investigations, and substantiations
    • How does the process for determining child maltreatment work?
    • How many notifications and investigations occurred?
    • What types of abuse were substantiated?
    • What were the characteristics of children with substantiated abuse or neglect?
    • Has the number of notifications, investigations and substantiations changed over time?
  • 4 Care and protection orders
    • What is a care and protection order?
    • How many children were on care and protection orders?
    • What were the characteristics of children on care and protection orders?
    • Has the use of care and protection orders changed over time?
  • 5 Out-of-home care
    • What is the national definition for out-of-home care?
    • How has the scope of out-of-home care changed?
    • How many children were in out-of-home care?
    • What types of placements were children in?
    • What were the characteristics of children in out-of-home care?
    • What are the characteristics of children no longer considered to be in out-of-home care?
    • Has the number of children in out-of-home care changed over time?
  • 6 Permanency
    • What is permanency?
    • Why is permanency important?
    • Permanency for children in out-of-home care
    • How are permanency outcomes measured?
  • 7 Carers
    • What types of carers are there?
    • How many children were placed with foster or relative/kinship carers?
    • How many households commenced and exited care?
  • 8 Intensive family support services
    • What is the role of intensive family support services?
    • What were the characteristics of children commencing intensive family support services?
  • Appendix A: State/territory trend data
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Symbols
  • Glossary
  • References
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • List of boxes
  • Related publications