Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2006 presents comprehensive national data on cancer incidence and mortality in Australia, and hospitalisation trend data from 2000-01 to 2004-05. The report provides 2006 projections on incidence and 2003 data for cancers by site, age and sex, with summary data for each state and territory. Prostate cancer and cancer differentials for rural areas analysed. The information in this report is supported by more detailed information in cancer incidence and mortality data cubes and workbooks on the AIHW's website www.aihw.gov.au. Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2006 is an important reference from the Cancer series for all those interested in the health of Australians.