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Premature mortality refers to deaths that occur at a younger age than a selected cut-off. For this report it is deaths that occur in people aged younger than 75.
4 in 5 Indigenous deaths (2008–2012) occurred among people under 75
35% decrease in the rate of premature deaths between 1997 and 2012
1 in 5 deaths among adults aged 25–44 were due to suicide
In 2012, there were 49,692 premature deaths in Australia
There were 472 deaths among children aged 1–14 in 2012. This age group experienced the lowest mortality rate of any age group in 2012 (12 deaths per 100,000 population aged 1-14 ; or 1 death for every 8,475 children aged 1–14). The death rate among children decreased by 41% since 1997 (from 20 deaths per 100,000; Figure 5.1).
Nearly half (48%) of all child deaths in 2012 were considered potentially avoidable, for example, deaths from land transport accidents.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S1, 524KB XLS).
Injury and poisoning were among the leading causes of death in this age group: land transport accidents accounted for 14% of child deaths in 2010–2012 and accidental drowning and submersions accounted for 6.6% (Table 5.1).
In 2010–2012, boys accounted for more than two-thirds (65%) of land transport deaths and three-quarters (77%) of drowning deaths in children aged 1–14.
Source: AIHW National Mortality Database (Table S2, 524KB XLS).
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