Data Quality Statement

The primary data source for this report was the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (ABS’s) Australian Health Survey (AHS) 2011–13. Data presented in this report were extracted from the Detailed Microdata available in the ABS DataLab.

The data quality declaration for the AHS 2011–13 can be found in the ABS publication Australian Health Survey: users’ guide, 2011–13 (ABS cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).


ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2013a. Microdata: Australian Health Survey: National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2011–12. Expanded confidentialised unit record file, DataLab. ABS cat. no. 4324.0.55.002. Canberra: ABS. Findings based on AIHW analysis of ABS microdata.

ABS 2013b. Australian Health Survey: users’ guide, 2011–13. ABS cat. no. 4363.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.

ABS 2014. Microdata: Australian Health Survey, core content—risk factors and selected health conditions, 2011–12. Expanded confidentialised unit record file, DataLab. ABS cat. no. 4324.0.55.003. Canberra: ABS. Findings based on AIHW analysis of ABS microdata.

AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2018. Physical activity across the life stages . Cat. no. PHE 225. Canberra: AIHW.

Cioffi J, Schmied V, Dahlen H, Mills A, Thornton C, Duff M et al. 2010. Physical activity in pregnancy: women’s perceptions, practices, and influencing factors. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health 55(5):455–61.

Coll CdVN, Domingues MR, Hallal PC, Da Silva ICM, Bassani DG, Matijasevich A et al. 2017. Changes in leisure-time physical activity among Brazilian pregnant women: comparison between two birth cohort studies (2004–2015). BMC Public Health 17(119).

Dobson A, Byles J, Brown W, Mishra G, Loxton D, Hockey R et al. 2012. Adherence to the health guidelines: findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. Newcastle: University of Newcastle and Brisbane: University of Queensland.

Dodd JM, Cramp C, Sui Z, Yelland LN, Deussen AR, Grivell RM et al. 2014. The effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle advice for women who are overweight or obese on maternal diet and physical activity: the LMIT randomised trial. BMC Medicine 12(161).

DoH (Department of Health) 2017. Australia’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines. Canberra: DoH. Viewed 13 September 2018.

Evenson KR, Barakat R, Brown WJ, Dargent-Molina P, Haruna M, Mikkelsen EM et al. 2014. Guidelines for physical activity during pregnancy: comparisons from around the world. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine 8(2):102–21.

Haakstad LAH, Vistad I, Sagedal LR, Lohne-Seiler H & Torstveit MK 2018. How does a lifestyle intervention during pregnancy influence perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity? The Norwegian Fit for Delivery Study—a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 18(127).

Hayman M, Short C & Reaburn P 2017. Regionally based medical practitioners may need support when prescribing exercise to pregnant women. The Australian Journal of Rural Health 25:62–3.

Juhl M, Madsen M, Andersen A-MN, Andersen PK & Olsen J 2012. Distribution and predictors of exercise habits among pregnant women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 22:128–38.

Leiferman J, Swibas T, Koiness K, Marshall J & Dunn A 2011. My baby, my move: examination of perceived barriers and motivating factors related to antenatal physical activity. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health 56:33–40.

Mottola MF, Davenport MH, Ruchat S-M, Davies GA, Poitras VJ, Gray CE et al. 2018. Consensus statement: 2019 Canadian Guideline for Physical Activity throughout Pregnancy. British Journal of Sports Medicine 52:1339–46.

Prince SA, Adamo KB, Hamel ME, Hardt J, Connor-Gorber S & Tremblay M 2008. A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in adults: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 5:56.

RANZCOG (The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists) 2016. Exercise during pregnancy. East Melbourne: RANZCOG. Viewed 13 September 2018.

SMA (Sports Medicine Australia) 2016. Position statement: Exercise in pregnancy and postpartum period. Albert Park: SMA. Viewed 13 September 2018.

Wilkinson SA & McIntyre HD 2012. Evaluation of the ‘healthy start to pregnancy’ early antenatal health promotion workshop: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 12(131).

World Health Organization 2018. Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity: physical activity. Geneva: World Health Organization. Viewed 3 January 2019.