associated cause(s) of death: Any condition(s) diseases or injuries—other than the underlying cause—contributing to death.

cause of death: From information reported on the medical certificate of cause of death, each death is classified by the underlying cause of death according to rules and conventions of the prevailing International Classification of Diseases edition. The underlying cause is defined as the disease which initiated the train of events leading directly to death.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD): The World Health Organization’s internationally accepted classification of diseases and related health conditions.

life expectancy: An indication of how long a person can expect to live. Technically it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.

multiple causes of death: All causes listed on the death certificate. This includes the underlying cause of death and all associated causes of death. This information is useful for describing the role of all diseases involved in deaths especially for chronic disease causes of death where there is usually more than one disease contributing to the death.

underlying cause of death: The condition, disease or injury initiating the sequence of events leading to death or the circumstances of the accident or violence that produced the fatal injury. It is the primary, chief, main or principal cause of death.