Featured reports

Deaths in Australia 

Deaths data are a vital measure of a population’s health, and provides information on patterns of diseases that cause death, by population groups and over time. Examining death patterns can help explain differences and changes in health status, evaluate health strategies, and guide planning and policy-making.

This web report presents updated data to 2017 on deaths, causes of death and life expectancy in Australia.

Pedal cyclist injury deaths and hospitalisations 1999–00 to 2015–16 

In 2015–16, about 12,000 Australians were hospitalised for a pedal cycle-related injury representing 1 in 5 injury hospitalisations from land transport crashes. Between 1999–00 and 2015–16, 651 pedal cyclists died as the result of their injuries, an average of 38 deaths per year. The age profile of hospitalised cyclists changed over time. Rates for age groups under 25 fell by 0.6%–4.2% per year, while rates for those 25 and over rose by 5.4%–9.4%.

Latest reports

Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books 

MORT books are Excel workbooks that contain recent deaths data for specific geographical areas, sourced from the AIHW National Mortality Database. They present statistics by sex for each geographical area, including counts, rates, median age at death, premature deaths, potential years of life lost and potentially avoidable deaths. The workbooks also present leading causes of death by sex for each geographical area.

Stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Australia 2015 and 2016 

In 2015 and 2016, 5,702 babies died in the perinatal period. Three-quarters (4,263) were stillbirths and the remaining 1,439 were neonatal deaths. Explore information related to these deaths, including maternal characteristics, causes, timing and investigation through interactive data visualisations and an accompanying in-brief report (available via download report).

Australia's mothers and babies data visualisations 

The health of both mothers and babies can have important life-long implications. In 2017, there were 305,667 babies born to 301,095 mothers in Australia. Explore the characteristics and health of those mothers and their babies through interactive data visualisations, and in-depth information and trends on the antenatal period, labour and birth, and outcomes for babies at birth. 

These data visualisations are designed to accompany the Australia's mothers and babies 2017—in brief report.

Maternal deaths in Australia 2016 

The maternal mortality rate in Australia in 2016 was 8.5 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth. Between 2006 and 2016, 281 women were reported to have died during pregnancy or within 42 days of the end of pregnancy. These deaths are reviewed in this report along with contextual information for maternal deaths in Australia since 2006.

International health data comparisons, 2018 

Comparing health and health care data between countries facilitates international comparative reporting, supports policy planning and decision-making, and enables health-related research and analysis.

The interactive data visualisations across these web pages allow you to compare the most recent data from 36 Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) member countries across a range of health and health care indicators, with a focus on Australia’s international performance.

National suicide monitoring of serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force personnel: 2018 update 

From 2001 to 2016, there were 373 suicides in serving, ex-serving and reserve Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel. Compared with all Australian men, the age-adjusted rate of suicide over the period was 51% lower for men serving full time in the ADF, 47% lower for men in the reserves and 18% higher for ex-serving men. In 2014–2016, ex-serving men aged under 30 had a suicide rate 2.2 times that of Australian men the same age.

Causes of death among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force personnel: 2002–2015 

Rates of death due to all-causes were generally lower among the ADF populations when compared with rates for the Australian population of the same age. The leading causes of death were similar between ADF populations and the Australian population, but differed by age; among men aged 16-29 and 30-49, the leading causes of death were generally external, whereas leading causes of death among men aged 50 years and over were due to chronic diseases. Suicide, land transport accidents and accidental poisoning, featured prominently as leading causes of death in men aged 16–29 while coronary heart disease, and various types of cancer featured prominently as leading causes of death in men age 50 and over. 

Life expectancy and potentially avoidable deaths in 2014–2016 

This report presents information on life expectancy and potentially avoidable deaths in 2014–2016 across Australia, by Primary Health Network and smaller local areas (SA3). 

Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a person is expected to live at the time they are born. It is a broad measure of population health. Potentially avoidable deaths are deaths below the age of 75 from conditions that are potentially preventable through primary or hospital care. Rates of potentially avoidable deaths per head of population can be a useful indicator of how well health systems are performing.

This report was first published on the MyHealthyCommunities website.

Perinatal deaths in Australia 2013–2014 

The perinatal mortality rate in Australia in 2013–2014 was low (9.7 deaths per 1,000 births). Perinatal mortality rates increased with low birthweight for gestational age, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander ethnicity and a number of other demographic factors. Perinatal death was most commonly caused by congenital anomaly and spontaneous preterm birth.

Closing the Gap targets: 2017 analysis of progress and key drivers of change 

This report provides detailed information and analyses on the Closing the Gap targets, including the key drivers of change underpinning these targets. This report provides context for policy debate and discussion for the Closing the Gap Refresh, a joint initiative of the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). Information on this COAG initiative, and additional resources with updated data on the COAG targets are available at the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet website.

Spatial analysis of child deaths in New South Wales 

While child mortality rates in New South Wales have declined significantly over the 15 years between 2001 and 2015, there is still a great deal of geographic variation in the number and rate of child deaths. This report presents information on the geographic distribution of child deaths across New South Wales and shows that child mortality rates are higher in more disadvantaged areas, such as those with higher poverty rates, lower school engagement, overcrowded housing and higher rates of developmental vulnerability. 

Impact of alcohol and illicit drug use on the burden of disease and injury in Australia: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011  

This report quantifies the health impact that alcohol and illicit drug use place on Australia, including as risk factors for other diseases and injuries. It estimates that alcohol and illicit drugs were collectively responsible for 6.7% of Australia’s disease burden in 2011. The report highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups and more remote areas generally experiencing higher rates of disease burden due to alcohol and illicit drug use.

Incidence of suicide in serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force personnel: detailed analysis 2001–2015 

This report examines the incidence of suicide among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force personnel in 2001–2015, and identifies characteristics that may be associated with suicide risk. Ex-serving men aged 18–29 have a higher suicide rate compared with Australian men of the same age. Ex-serving men of all ages who were medically discharged, or discharged in ranks other than commissioned officer, were at higher risk of suicide than their peers.

Maternal deaths in Australia 2012–2014 

The maternal mortality rate in Australia in 2012–2014 was 6.8 deaths per 100,000 women giving birth, which is among the lowest rates in the world. The most common causes of maternal death were bleeding in the brain and in the abdomen (non-obstetric haemorrhage). Women over the age of 35 and under 20 were more likely to die in association with childbirth.

Health-adjusted life expectancy in Australia: expected years lived in full health 2011 

Health-adjusted life expectancy reflects the average length of time an individual can expect to live without disease or injury. This report shows that: health-adjusted life expectancy increased comparably to life expectancy; and that people in Remote and very remote areas and people in the lowest socioeconomic group expected both shorter lives and fewer years in full health compared with their counterparts in Major cities and the highest socioeconomic group.

Trends in Indigenous mortality and life expectancy 2001–2015 

This report examines Indigenous mortality and life expectancy during the period 2001 to 2015, based on evidence from the Enhanced Mortality Database. The study observed increases in life expectancy during the study period for both Indigenous males and females across most jurisdictions. Life expectancy however increased faster among non-Indigenous than among Indigenous males and females. As a result, there was little change in the life expectancy gap.

Deaths among people with diabetes in Australia, 2009–2014 

This report uses linked data to provide a more complete understanding of deaths among people with diagnosed diabetes. It highlights that death rates for people with diabetes are almost double those of other Australians and that people with diabetes are more likely to die prematurely. Between 2009 and 2014, death rates fell by 20% for people with type 1 diabetes but rose by 10% for those with type 2 diabetes.

Trends in injury deaths, Australia 1999–00 to 2011–12 

This report focuses on trends in deaths due to injury and poisoning that occurred over the period 1999–00 to 2011–12. 
The age-standardised rate of injury deaths decreased from 55.4 to 47.2 deaths per 100,000 between 1999–00 and 2004–05 and changed little after that. Rates of injury deaths involving transport injury and homicide declined from 1999–00 to 2009–10, while rates for most other external cause groups fluctuated over this period. Rates for suicide deaths declined from 1999–00 until 2004–05 and remained relatively steady thereafter.
Rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were generally at least twice as high as rates for non-Indigenous Australians over the period from 2001–02 to 2011–12.