Life expectancy is one of the most commonly used measures of overall health of a population. It is expressed as either the number of years a newborn baby is expected to live, or the expected years of life remaining for a person at a given age, and is estimated from the death rates in a population. Examining causes, patterns and trends in death can also help explain differences and changes in the health of a population, contribute to the evaluation of health strategies and interventions, and guide planning and policy-making.

More reports and statistics on life expectancy & deaths can be found under Burden of disease and Injury.

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Latest findings

Potentially avoidable death rates fell by 41% between 1999 and 2019 (from 176 to 103 deaths per 100,000 population)

In 2019, the leading cause of death for males was coronary heart disease (12%)

Over the period 1907 to 2019, the age-standardised death rate fell by 74%

There were over 544,000 cases of hospitalisated injury in 2018–19

55% of injury hospitalisations and 62% of injury deaths in 2018–19 were male

The top 3 causes of hospitalised injury in 2018–19 were falls, contact with objects, and transport accidents