Life expectancy is one of the most commonly used measures of overall health of a population. It is expressed as either the number of years a newborn baby is expected to live, or the expected years of life remaining for a person at a given age, and is estimated from the death rates in a population. Examining causes, patterns and trends in death can also help explain differences and changes in the health of a population, contribute to the evaluation of health strategies and interventions, and guide planning and policy-making.

More reports and statistics on life expectancy & deaths can be found under Burden of disease and Injury.

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Latest findings

Potentially avoidable death rates fell by 41% between 1999 and 2019 (from 176 to 103 deaths per 100,000 population)

In 2019, there were 169,301 deaths registered in Australia

In 2019, the leading cause of death for males was coronary heart disease (12%)

For drowning deaths, there was an average annual decrease in rate between 2009–10 and 2018–19 of 3.2%

55% of injury hospitalisations and 62% of injury deaths in 2018–19 were male

83% of injury deaths due to choking and suffocation were for people aged 65 and over