Public health expenditure in Australia 2007-08 is the eighth in a series of annual reports on public health expenditure in Australia produced by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. In that time expenditure on public health activities by health departments has grown, in real terms, by a total of 77.7%, at an average annual growth rate of 7.4%. In 2007-08 it represented 2.2% of total recurrent expenditure on health-up from around 1.9% in the previous years. In the last year, from 2006-07 to 2007-08, public health expenditure increased by $444.0 million to $2,158.8 million. This was largely due to a substantial increase in spending on organised immunisation activities such as the National Human Papillomavirus vaccination program.