Involvement of psychosocial factors differ for males and females

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The most commonly mentioned psychosocial factors in male and female deaths were similar, however with different levels of involvement (Figure 10.2).

The psychosocial factors mentioned in 2022 were similar for male and females, however with different proportions. Issues with intimate partners were the most common psychosocial factor for males, and for females with was personal history of self-harm. Employment was mentioned in almost twice the proportion of males, than females (14% compared with 7%). Economic & education factors were mentioned for males, but not females, in the 10 most common mentioned psychosocial factors. Childhood events were mentioned for females, but not males.


  1. Deaths registered in 2022 are based on the preliminary version and are subject to further revision by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  2. Each death can involve one or more psychosocial factors. As a result, the total percentage by a cause type can be greater than 100.

Source: AIHW National Mortality Database; Table S10.2.

Of the deaths in 2022 with at least one psychosocial factor:

  • personal history of self-harm was mentioned in 18% of male and 28% of female deaths.
  • issues with intimate partners were mentioned in proportionally more male (26%) than female (19%) deaths.
  • circumstances around support systems were proportionally higher in female (27%) than male (24%) deaths.
  • circumstances related to policing and justice were proportionally more common in male (18%) than female (7%) deaths.