Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of impaired or reduced kidney function lasting at least 3 months. A person who has the most severe form of CKD, end-stage kidney disease, usually requires a kidney transplant or dialysis to survive. CKD is more common than is widely knowing, affecting 1 in 10 Australians adults (1.7 million people) and contributing to 1 in 9 deaths. The elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas are at an increased risk of CKD.
Australian adults—about 1.7 million people in 2011–12—had biomedical signs of CKD
Australian deaths in 2014 had CKD as an underlying and/or associated cause of death— 16,500 deaths
areas have CKD hospitalisation rates (excluding dialysis) that are 2 times as high as Major cities
hospitalisations were associated with CKD (principal and/or additional diagnosis) in 2014–15—17% of all hospitalisations in Australia. Of these, 80% were for regular dialysis
are 5 times as likely to be hospitalised for CKD (excluding dialysis) and 4 times as likely to die from CKD as non-Indigenous Australians
group has CKD hospitalisation rates (excluding dialysis) that are 2 times as high as the highest group
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