Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of impaired or reduced kidney function lasting at least 3 months. A person who has the most severe form of CKD, end-stage kidney disease, usually requires a kidney transplant or dialysis to survive. The elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas are at an increased risk of CKD.

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Latest findings

By Primary Health Network, type 2 diabetes rates were generally higher in regional than in metropolitan areas

The highest chronic kidney disease hospitalisation rate by Population Health Area was 23 times the national average

Self-reported heart, stroke and vascular disease rates ranged from 2.9% to 8.4% across Primary Health Networks

In 2017-18, Indigenous Australians had regular dialysis rates that were 11 times as high as the non-Indigenous rate

1.8 million hospitalisations were associated with CKD in 2017–18—16% of all hospitalisations in Australia

In 2018, there were 16,800 CKD-related deaths— 79% had CKD listed as an associated cause