Table of contents

  • 1 Introduction
  • Key considerations
  • Expert advice and review
  • 2 Overarching methods and choices
    • Reference years 2015, 2011 and 2003
    • Reference populations
    • Age groups
    • Selection and classification of diseases
    • Methodological choices specific to sub-national estimates
    • Methodological choices specific to 2003 and 2011 estimates
  • 3 Estimating the fatal burden
    • Overview of methods
    • Mortality data
    • Aligning causes of death to the ABDS disease list
    • Reference life table
    • Sub-national estimates
  • 4 Estimating the non-fatal burden
    • Overview of methods
    • Conceptual disease models
    • Disability weights
    • Estimating point prevalence of each sequela
    • Dealing with comorbidity
    • Estimating YLD for residual diseases
  • 5 Disease specific methods
    • Blood and metabolic disorders
    • Cancer and other neoplasms
    • Cardiovascular diseases
    • Endocrine disorders
    • Gastrointestinal disorders
    • Hearing and vision disorders
    • Infant and congenital conditions
    • Infectious diseases
    • Injuries
    • Kidney and urinary conditions
    • Mental and substance use disorders
    • Musculoskeletal conditions
    • Neurological conditions
    • Oral disorders
    • Reproductive and maternal conditions
    • Respiratory diseases
    • Skin disorders
  • 6 Estimating the health-adjusted life expectancy
    • Method for estimating HALE
    • Estimating morbidity
    • Estimating mortality
    • Calculating HALE
    • Data sources
    • Alignment of non-fatal burden and life table data
    • Sub-national estimates
  • 7 Overarching methods and choices for risk factors
    • Methodological developments since the ABDS 2011
    • Steps in estimating risk factor attributable burden
    • Selection of risk factors
    • Selection of linked diseases
    • Theoretical minimum risk exposure distribution
    • Population distribution of exposure
    • Estimates of effect size (relative risks)
    • Calculation of population attributable fractions
    • Calculating the attributable burden
    • Attributable burden estimates by socioeconomic group
    • 2011 and 2003 estimates
    • Changes in risk factor exposure over time
  • 8 Risk factor specific methods
    • Tobacco use
    • Alcohol use
    • Physical inactivity
    • Illicit drug use
    • Intimate partner violence
    • Unsafe sex
    • Child abuse and neglect
    • Overweight and obesity
    • High blood pressure
    • High blood plasma glucose (including diabetes)
    • High cholesterol
    • Impaired kidney function
    • Iron deficiency
    • Low bone mineral density
    • Occupational exposures and hazards
    • High sun exposure
    • Air pollution
    • Dietary risk factors
  • 9 ABDS quality framework
    • Ensuring quality of inputs to the ABDS
    • ABDS 2015 quality index
  • Appendix A: Additional information and tables for Chapter 2
    • Assessment of data sources
    • Additional tables
  • Appendix B: Additional information and tables for Chapter 3
  • Appendix C: Additional information and tables for Chapter 4
  • Appendix D: Additional information and tables for Chapter 5
    • Cancer and other neoplasms
    • Hearing and vision disorders
    • Infant and congenital conditions
    • Infectious diseases
    • Injuries
  • Appendix E: Additional information and tables for Chapter 6
  • Appendix F: Additional information and tables for Chapter 7
    • Assessment of data sources
  • Additional tables
  • Appendix G: Additional information and tables for Chapter 9
    • Measuring the quality of outputs from the ABDS
  • Appendix H: List of expert advisors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Symbols
  • Glossary
  • References
  • List of tables
  • List of figures