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Juvenile Arthritis  

Juvenile arthritis includes several different kinds of arthritis occurring in children, causing significant pain, disability and restrictions in school and other activities. Juvenile arthritis is estimated to affect around 1 child in every 1,000 aged 0–15 and is more common in girls than boys.


Osteoporosis is a condition where bones become thin, weak and fragile, such that even a minor bump or accident can cause a broken bone (minimal trauma fracture). Osteopenia is a condition when bone mineral density is lower than normal but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis.

Back problems 

Back problems are a range of conditions related to the bones, joints, connective tissue, muscles and nerves of the back. Back problems are a significant cause of disability and lost productivity.


Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops when an excess of uric acid in the blood leads to deposits of uric acid crystals in one or more joints, causing inflammation.

Medication use for ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, and juvenile arthritis 2016–17 

This report examines the prescription patterns for medications specific to 3 musculoskeletal conditions: ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and juvenile arthritis. In 2016–17, 225,000 medications specific to the treatment of either ankylosing spondylitis or psoriatic arthritis were dispensed. Analysis of de-identified unit record PBS data produced an estimate of up to 5,400 children living with juvenile arthritis in 2016–17, who were prescribed medication from the PBS.

A scoping study on data sources to assess the impact of chronic respiratory and musculoskeletal conditions on workplace productivity 

Chronic conditions are the leading cause of illness, disability and death in Australia and have lasting physical, psychological, social and financial impacts on individuals, communities and the healthcare system. Respiratory and musculoskeletal conditions are two groups of chronic conditions associated with substantial productivity loss and activity impairment. This scoping study assesses the available data sources for monitoring the relationship between these chronic conditions and workforce productivity.

Musculoskeletal conditions and comorbidity in Australia 

Most people with a musculoskeletal condition, such as arthritis or back pain, also have at least one other chronic disease. This report shows that almost 4 in 5 (79%) people with arthritis and 2 in 3 (65%) people with back pain and problems had at least 1 other chronic condition. More than half (54%) the hospitalisations for musculoskeletal conditions involved at least 1 other chronic condition.

Juvenile arthritis 

Juvenile arthritis includes several different kinds of arthritis occurring in children, causing significant pain, disability and restrictions in school and other activities. Juvenile arthritis affects less than 1% of children and is more common in girls than boys.

The burden of musculoskeletal conditions in Australia: a detailed analysis of the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011 

This report presents findings from the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011 on the burden of musculoskeletal conditions in Australia. Musculoskeletal conditions were the fourth leading contributor to total burden of disease in Australia, with back pain and problems, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis being the greatest contributors to the musculoskeletal burden. The burden due to musculoskeletal conditions generally decreased over time, varied by condition severity and by population group, and some of the burden was attributed to modifiable risk factors such as overweight and obesity.

Impacts of chronic back problems 

Chronic back problems are common conditions in Australia (16% of the total population) and cause of disability (28% of the total population with disability) in Australia. Chronic back problems can have a strong negative effect on a person’s quality of life, affecting their ability to participate in daily activities, work, family and social activities. This bulletin provides the latest detailed information on the impacts (in terms of quality of life and disability) of chronic back problems in Australia.

Musculoskeletal conditions as underlying and associated causes of death 2013 

Musculoskeletal conditions are responsible for a substantial proportion of the non-fatal burden of disease in Australia. This bulletin describes the contribution of musculoskeletal conditions to mortality. Although musculoskeletal conditions were not among the leading underlying causes of death, this bulletin shows that these conditions were likely to have contributed to about 1 in 20 deaths in Australia in 2013.

Assessment of the Australian Rheumatology Association Database for national population health monitoring: working paper 

This working paper uses the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's recently developed assessment framework to assess the suitability of the Australian Rheumatology Association Database as a potential new data source for population health monitoring of inflammatory arthritis.

Estimating the prevalence of osteoporosis in Australia 

This report presents information about the prevalence and impact of osteoporosis in Australians aged 50 and over. A broad range of data sources show that osteoporosis prevalence markedly increases with age and is more common in women than in men. Osteoporosis is one of several risk factors for minimal trauma fracture, with minimal trauma fracture of the hip being one of the most serious possible outcomes of osteoporosis. Although the rate of minimal trauma hip fracture for people aged 50 and over has decreased over the last ten years, the number of hip fractures continues to increase due to the increasing number of older adults in Australia.

Health-care expenditure on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions 2008–09 

Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions are substantial contributors to health-care expenditure in Australia. In 2008–09, estimated health-care expenditure allocated to these conditions totalled $5,690 million– the 4th most expensive disease group, accounting for 8.7% of total health-care expenditure allocated to disease groups. This report is the latest in a series on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions expenditure. The key objectives of this report are to describe the distribution of health-care expenditure by health-care sector for the major musculoskeletal conditions: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back problems and osteoporosis.