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Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Australia, 2014–2018 

This report presents data from the National Rheumatic Heart Disease data collection, collated from the acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) registers in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory. New South Wales register data are summarised also. The third version of the national guidelines for ARF and RHD management were released in February 2020. The 2nd version of the guidelines (released 2012) are relevant to the data in this report.   

ARF and RHD are preventable diseases affecting disadvantaged populations. This report shows that ARF rates increase with remoteness, and that rates are highest in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians, females and in young people aged 5–14 years.

Indigenous injury deaths 2011–12 to 2015–16 

Over the 5-year period 2011–12 to 2015–16, 2,145 Indigenous Australians died as the result of an injury—an annual average of 429 deaths. The rate of death for Indigenous males was nearly double that for females. The rate of injury death for Indigenous Australians was nearly twice that of non-Indigenous Australians. The 3 most frequent external causes of death for Indigenous Australians were suicide, transport crashes and unintentional poisoning by pharmaceuticals.

Review of the two national Indigenous specific primary health care datasets: The Online Services Report and the national Key Performance Indicators  

The Online Services Report (OSR) and the national Key Performance Indicators (nKPI) collect data from the organisations funded by the Australian Government to deliver comprehensive and culturally appropriate primary health care services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. AIHW undertook a review of these data sets for the Department of Health. This report highlights the importance of these data collections, summarises the findings of the review and presents a series of recommendations for their improvement in the future.

Northern Territory Remote Aboriginal Investment: Oral Health Program July 2012 to December 2018 

This report presents information on oral health outreach services provided to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people in the Northern Territory. It shows that in 2018, 6,429 full-mouth fluoride varnish services, 1,619 fissure sealant services and 3,886 occasions of clinical service were provided. Some improvements were seen in the oral health of children, with the proportion of tooth decay in children aged 12 falling by 17 percentage points over time.

Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: fourth national report 2018–19 

This is the fourth national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available for 14 measures. The level of access for cardiac-related health services is improving for Indigenous Australians. While the mortality rate from cardiac conditions is falling among the Indigenous population, it is still higher than among non-Indigenous Australians. The incidence of acute rheumatic fever among Indigenous Australians continues to be much higher than in non-Indigenous Australians.

Cultural safety in health care for Indigenous Australians: monitoring framework 

The Cultural safety in health care for Indigenous Australians: monitoring framework brings together available data to assess progress in achieving cultural safety in the health system for Indigenous Australians. The framework includes measures on culturally respectful health care services; Indigenous patient experience of health care; and access to health care services. The data are presented at the national, state and regional levels.

Hearing health outreach services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in the Northern Territory: July 2012 to December 2018 

This report presents information on hearing health outreach services provided to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people in the Northern Territory. It shows that in 2018, 1,922 audiology; 717 ear, nose and throat teleotology; and 905 Clinical Nurse Specialist services were provided. Among children and young people who received treatment, 57% had improved hearing loss and 68% had improved hearing impairment.

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: in brief  

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are preventable diseases disproportionately affecting Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians living in remote areas. Prevalence rates were highest in the Northern Territory, females, and young people aged 5–14. These data highlight the important role of jurisdictional control programs and registers in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia, the Northern Territory and New South Wales.

This report is a companion to Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Australia.

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Australia 

This report presents data from the National Rheumatic Heart Disease data collection, collated from the acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) registers in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory.

ARF and RHD are preventable diseases affecting disadvantaged populations. This report shows that ARF rates increase with remoteness, and that rates are highest in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians, females and in young people aged 5–14 years.

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease:​ in brief is a companion to this report.

Australia's welfare 2019: in brief 

Australia’s welfare 2019: in brief tells the story of welfare in Australia with key findings on housing, education and skills, employment and work, income and finance: government payments, social support, justice and safety, and Indigenous Australians.

Australia’s welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This edition introduces a new format and expanded product suite:

Australia’s welfare 2019: data insights 

Australia’s welfare 2019: data insights presents an overview of the welfare data landscape and explores selected welfare topics—including intergenerational disadvantage, income support, future of work, disability services, elder abuse and child wellbeing—in 8 original articles.

Australia’s welfare 2019 is the 14th biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This edition introduces a new format and expanded product suite: