Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. The main types of diabetes are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes has been escalating over the last 3 decades, with rates tripling over this period—diabetes affected around 1.2 million people in 2014–15. Rates of diabetes are generally higher among males, the elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and is largely preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Australian adults (6%)—about 1.2 million people—had diabetes in 2014–15, based on self-reported data
people started using insulin in 2015 to treat their diabetes
Australian deaths in 2014 had diabetes as an underlying and/or associated cause of death—15,740 deaths
group has diabetes hospitalisation and death rates that are 2 times as high as the highest socioeconomic group
as likely to have type 2 diabetes prevalence, hospitalisation and death rates as non-Indigenous Australians
hospitalisations were associated with diabetes (principal and/or additional diagnosis) in 2014–15—10% of all hospitalisations in Australia
areas have diabetes hospitalisation and death rates that are 2 times as high as Major cities
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