Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and is largely preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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Latest findings

Combining markers of diabetes status provides better case definitions for identifying people with diagnosed diabetes

Single markers such as diabetes specific prescriptions and MBS items have high precision, but sensitivity is low

The identified case definitions do not sufficiently differentiate between diabetes types 1 and 2 in people of all ages

More than 1.3 million (1 in 20) Australians were living with diabetes in 2021

Type 2 diabetes contributed 2.2% of the total burden of disease in Australia in 2023

1 in 6 women who gave birth in 2021–22 was diagnosed with gestational diabetes