Overview

Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and is largely preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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Latest findings

Diabetes contributed to 11% of Australian deaths in 2018 (16,700 deaths) (underlying or associated cause)

Type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes accounted for 2.2% and 0.3% of Australia’s disease burden respectively in 2015

Socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with higher diabetes (prevalence, hospitalisation and death) rates

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Australian adults increased steadily from 50% in 2001 to 67% in 2017–18

Incidence rates of type 1 diabetes fluctuated between 12 and 13 cases per 100,000 population, during 2000 to 2018

In 2017–18, an estimated 5.4% (or 1 million) Australian adults had type 2 diabetes, based on self-reported data

Highlights