Overview

Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and is largely preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Latest findings

An estimated 1.2 million Australians (4.9% of the total population) had diabetes in 2017–18, based on self-reported data Incidence rates of type 1 diabetes fluctuated between 12 and 13 cases per 100,000 population, during 2000 to 2018 Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Australian adults increased steadily from 50% in 2001 to 67% in 2017–18 Diabetes death and hospitalisation rates in Remote and very remote areas were twice as high as the rate in Major cities Type 2 diabetes disproportionately impacts on Indigenous Australians compared with non-Indigenous Australians In 2017–18, an estimated 5.4% (or 1 million) Australian adults had type 2 diabetes, based on self-reported data Diabetes death and hospitalisation rates in Remote and very remote areas were two-times the rate in Major cities In 2017–18, 43,100 (16%) mothers aged 15–49 who gave birth in hospital were diagnosed with gestational diabetes Type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes accounted for 2.2% and 0.3% of Australia’s disease burden respectively in 2015 Around 1.2 million hospitalisations were associated with diabetes in 2017–18 (principal and/or additional diagnosis) Diabetes contributed to 11% of Australian deaths in 2018 (16,700 deaths) (underlying or associated cause) An estimated 1.2 million Australians (4.9% of the total population) had diabetes in 2017–18, based on self-reported data Socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with higher diabetes (prevalence, hospitalisation and death) rates

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Highlights