Overview

Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and is largely preventable by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Latest findings

Incidence rates of type 1 diabetes fluctuated between 12 and 13 cases per 100,000 population, during 2000 to 2018 Diabetes contributed to 11% of Australian deaths in 2018 (16,700 deaths) (underlying or associated cause) Type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes accounted for 2.2% and 0.3% of Australia’s disease burden respectively in 2015 Around 1.2 million hospitalisations were associated with diabetes in 2017–18 (principal and/or additional diagnosis) Diabetes death and hospitalisation rates in Remote and very remote areas were twice as high as the rate in Major cities Socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with higher diabetes (prevalence, hospitalisation and death) rates Type 2 diabetes disproportionately impacts on Indigenous Australians compared with non-Indigenous Australians In 2017–18, an estimated 5.4% (or 1 million) Australian adults had type 2 diabetes, based on self-reported data In 2017–18, 43,100 (16%) mothers aged 15–49 who gave birth in hospital were diagnosed with gestational diabetes Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Australian adults increased steadily from 50% in 2001 to 67% in 2017–18 Diabetes death and hospitalisation rates in Remote and very remote areas were two-times the rate in Major cities An estimated 1.2 million Australians (4.9% of the total population) had diabetes in 2017–18, based on self-reported data An estimated 1.2 million Australians (4.9% of the total population) had diabetes in 2017–18, based on self-reported data

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Highlights