Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people live in all different parts of the nation and comprise hundreds of groups that have their own distinct set of languages, histories and cultural traditions. The health and welfare of Indigenous Australians is improving in a number of areas, including life expectancy, educational attainment and child mortality. But Indigenous Australians still suffer from the consequences of colonisation and, as a group, continue to experience widespread socioeconomic disadvantage and health inequality.
of the Australian population are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people, or just over 760,000 people
fell from 51% in 2002 to 42% in 2014–15
of the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians health outcomes can be explained by social determinants
fall in the mortality rate for Indigenous Australians was recorded between 1998 and 2015
of total burden of disease among Indigenous Australians is due to chronic diseases
fall in the mortality rate for Indigenous children was recorded between 1998 and 2015
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