The report provides comprehensive information on children who come in contact with State and Territory community service departments for protective reasons. The report contains data for 1999-00, as well as trend data, on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders, and children in out-of-home care.Detailed information on the characteristics of children in the child protection system is presented. Specifically data on their age, sex and Indigenous status. In addition, for child protection substantiations, data on the family type, the relationship of the person believed responsible and the source of notification are included. For children on care and protection orders, there are data on types of orders and living arrangements; for children in out-of-home care, there are data on types of placements and length of time in out-of-home care.