Australia's Children: Their Health and Wellbeing 1998 is the first national report on the health status of Australian children. Included in this report is information on important diseases and injuries, major risk factors and wider determinants of health and wellbeing. Separate sections are presented on the health status of particular priority groups (Indigenous children, children living in rural and remote locations, overseas born children, and children from socioeconomically disadvantaged groups). International comparisons are also included. Much of the information has not previously been published.

This report is the first in a series of biennial reports on the health of Australian children and youth to be published by the Institute. The first youth health report in the series will be published in 1999.