Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015) Osteoarthritis: musculoskeletal fact sheet, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 17 August 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2015). Osteoarthritis: musculoskeletal fact sheet. Canberra: AIHW.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Osteoarthritis: musculoskeletal fact sheet. AIHW, 2015.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Osteoarthritis: musculoskeletal fact sheet. Canberra: AIHW; 2015.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015, Osteoarthritis: musculoskeletal fact sheet, AIHW, Canberra.
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This fact sheet summarises information from the AIHW's online musculoskeletal compendium.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition mostly affecting the joints such as hips, knees and ankles. The main symptoms include pain, stiffness and limited joint movement which get worse over time. Normally, healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over one nother. In people with osteoarthritis, the cartilage covering the bone ends in the joints breaks down and wears away, causing the bones to rub together, creating pain, swelling and loss of motion.
Based on self-reported data from the most recent Australian Bureau of Statistics National Health Survey (2011–12), 1.8 million Australians (8%) reported having osteoarthritis. It is more common in women (10.2%) than men (5.6%).
The prevalence of osteoarthritis rises with age. While relatively few younger people have this condition, the prevalence rises sharply from age 45
reported having osteoarthritis—
that’s 1.8 million people
people with osteoarthritis
are female, based on self-reported data
as many people with
fair or poor health (24%)
compared to people
without osteoarthritis (13%
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