The AIHW was awarded a contract to manage and operate the National Diabetes Register which is part of the National Diabetes Strategy and Implementation Plan, and is funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care.

The Register provides a record of Australian residents diagnosed with diabetes after 1 January 1999 who are using insulin. The information collected will help fill a long-term void in national-level diabetes research. Future benefits include accurately establishing the extent of diabetes in the community and a capacity to monitor trends to see whether the disease is being controlled or not. This will inevitably lead to better provision of services and products needed by people with diabetes.