The purpose of this report is to identify those groups of people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds that have a high prevalence or risk of diabetes compared with the Australian-born population. The report describes the demographics of these groups in relation to the size of the community, their proficiency in English, and location within Australia. The report also identifies gaps in the available literature and data.

In this summary, we have highlighted the culturally and linguistically diverse groups with the highest rates in regard to each of the measures included in this report – prevalence of diabetes, incidence of insulin-treated diabetes, hospitalisations and mortality. However, the threshold used to decide whether to include a group in this ‘highest rate’ list is somewhat arbitrary, and has usually been chosen only on the basis of including 4–5 groups for each measure. It is important to refer to the source tables when making a comprehensive assessment.