Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2020) People with disability in Australia 2020: in brief, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 04 July 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2020). People with disability in Australia 2020: in brief. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia-2020-in-brief
People with disability in Australia 2020: in brief. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 02 October 2020, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia-2020-in-brief
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. People with disability in Australia 2020: in brief [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2020 [cited 2022 Jul. 4]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia-2020-in-brief
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2020, People with disability in Australia 2020: in brief, viewed 4 July 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/disability/people-with-disability-in-australia-2020-in-brief
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Disability affects many people, directly or indirectly. It may be a life-altering event or experience. It may have large or small effects on people’s daily lives. Increasingly, disability is recognised as something that affects most people, to varying degrees and at different life stages.
Like everyone, people with disability interact with every aspect of life in Australia, across a multitude of social policy and program areas (for example, health, social support, education, employment, housing and justice). Some, however, face challenges in routinely and actively participating in these everyday activities of life.
How people with disability participate in society is influenced by factors such as the level of their disability, the availability of services and the accessibility of their environment, and by community attitudes and discrimination.
What is disability?
Disability is an umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions, all of which can interact with a person’s health condition(s) and environmental and/or individual factors to hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.
There are varying degrees of disability—from having no impairment or limitation to a complete loss of functioning. It can be associated with genetic disorders, illnesses, accidents, ageing, injuries or a combination of these factors.
What is meant by impairment?
An impairment refers to problems in body function or structure (including mental functions), such as loss of sight, loss of hearing, loss of a limb, impairment of mood or emotion, impairment of speech, and any other lack of function of body organs.
What is meant by activity limitation?
An activity limitation refers to difficulties in executing everyday activities, such as self-care, mobility, communication, cognitive or emotional tasks, health care, reading or writing tasks, transport, household chores, property maintenance or meal preparation. Self-care, mobility and communication are often referred to as core activities. In this report, people who always or sometimes need help with 1 or more core activities are referred to as people with severe or profound disability.
What is meant by participation restriction?
A participation restriction refers to problems a person may experience in involvement in life situations, such as in education or employment.
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