Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2019) Poor diet, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 05 February 2023.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). Poor diet. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/food-nutrition/poor-diet
Poor diet. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 19 July 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/food-nutrition/poor-diet
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Poor diet [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2023 Feb. 5]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/food-nutrition/poor-diet
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, Poor diet, viewed 5 February 2023, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/food-nutrition/poor-diet
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The last comprehensive survey of diet in children and adolescents occurred in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-13 (ABS 2014) using 24 hour dietary recall. On average in 2011–12;
For the full results of children’s nutrition, see Nutrition across the life stages.
Discretionary foods are foods that are not needed to meet nutrient requirements and generally tend to be high in kilojoules, saturated fat, added sugars, added salt and alcohol (NHMRC 2013). The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend that discretionary foods should be consumed occasionally and in small amounts, and for most people 0 to 3 serves a day is suitable depending on age, height and activity level. An example of 1 serve of discretionary food is 2–3 sweet biscuits or 2 scoops of ice cream or 12 fried hot chips (NHMRC 2013). In 2011–12, the proportion of energy intake from discretionary foods increased with age for children. Discretionary foods accounted for:
For children intake of sodium is also well above the suggested adequate intake for all age groups. The Guidelines recommend to limit saturated fat intake and for all children, approximately 14% of energy intake was from saturated fat. For full results of children’s nutrition, see Nutrition across the life stages see Nutrition across the life stages.
The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend to limit intakes of drinks high in added sugars, as they can provide excess kilojoules with little nutritional value and can increase the risk of excessive weight gain (NHMRC 2013). Based on the ABS National Health Survey in 2017–18:
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2014. Australian Health Survey: Nutrition First Results—Foods and Nutrients, 2011–12, ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.007, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
ABS 2018. National Health Survey: First Results, 201718. ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
AIHW 2018. Nutrition across the life stages. Cat. no. PHE 227. Canberra: AIHW.
NHMRC 2013. Australian Dietary Guidelines, Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council.
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